Natural Law Resource Based Economies are a type of social and economic system, in which all of the earth's natural resources are the common heritage of mankind, and where goods and services are available without money, debt, barter, or trade. RBEs generally have two goals in mind: upmost sustainability, and the reduction of most scarcities to the point where things can be freely accessed.
How is this achieved?
Through the use of the latest agricultural, automative, recycling, and transport technologies just to name a few, in combination with a circular economics, we can make use of the finite resources we have in the most efficient and sustainable way possible. Am I talking about some far out "pie in the sky tech"? No. There are many technologies we could make use of that exist today such as hydroponics and vertical farming, mass water desalination, and making use of the latest and upcoming recycling tech, renewables, nuclear etc. We would also make use of a computerised "resource management system" that would significantly aid us in making decisions about certain products, and where to distribute them.
In doing the above, pursuing our goal of economic and ecological sustainability, we would achieve what we could call "access abundance". Not everyone could have a 12 car garage, but they could have access to a wide range of transportation, that would be of much higher quality than today. MagLev trains for intercontinental transport, monorails and subways for inner city transport, automated electric shuttles for short distance, etc etc.
There are 6 "tenets", let's say, which define whether a system is a Resource Based Economy, I believe I have touched upon:
Resource management systems and making use of the circular economy, and Access economics.
Now I will talk about another: Localisation https://cuesa.org/learn/how-far-does-your-food-travel-get-your-plate
It is estimated that on average the American meal takes 1,500 miles to get from farm to plate. This is incredibly inefficient for a number of reasons. Firstly, food travelling that far increase the chance of spoilage, reducing the amount of food that could have been produced or eaten at the other end of the journey. And secondly, food or crops having to travel long distances uses up a ton of fuel or electricity. Not to mention of course, that if it is fuel, a considerable amount of emissions would be released.
Localising production fixes this, because resources are produced and cultivated much closer to population hubs. This has the advantage of people being much more easily able to access goods and resources, since those are now closer. Alot of time, and energy, is also saved by not having to ship cargo halfway accross the land in big gas guzzling trucks; GHG emissions are also massively reduced. One thing you are doing when localising things is increasing energy usage in that area, but scaling up a city's energy production shouldn't be too difficult of a task, especially with renewables.
I'm going to try and fit these much similar things into one section here : open source economics/gift economies/collaborative commons.
NLRBEs on the macro level may seem like some AI making all of the economic decisions according to a learned plan, but on the micro scale things would be a bit different.
The "planning" aspect doesn't take into account interactions between people, we'd use a different system for this- a market, if you will. Not a market of exchange or barter, but a market or ideas. This means people would be able to freely come together to pursue a common goal for that group, the individuals within it, or the wider community. Call them "commons cooperatives" if you want. These companies, free from the burden of money, could pursue anything their heart or mind desired - arts, scientific research, or even cookery to show off their culinary skills. You'd still have pizza parlors, but the way they conduct themselves would be quite different to today. Gift economics is a system of loose reciprocity where instead of trading things with other people, companies gift people the fruits of their labour in return for social benefits, reputation, gratitude, perhaps even friendship. Social life would become more closely tied to economic life, and the incentives of gift economics represent this. This doesn't just mean however that you can be everyone's friend by opening a hot-dog stand, you need to contribute more to people than that. Sure, you could still run the stand if you chose to, but perhaps helping a neighbor with any projects they're doing, providing you have the skills, could build you more social capital
Open source software and tools are often seen as the pride of the tech industry, and it's not hard to see why - various people contributing and adding on to an already finished product. Open source production is more democratic than proprietary operations simply because more people contribute to a project. Now, answering criticisms
, and why RBEs are a valid idea. Communism/socialism/whatever
Unlike leftism, RBEs do not necessitate a revolution, since they have the quality of being able to exist in a closed autonomous system, perhaps only trading with the "capitalist world" for resources, which is the only case where money would be used. Think of it like a really weird Forex - the use of money, to no money at all. Land for RBE "city systems" could be either purchased on the capitalist market, or handed down from nations that have some low value land they don't care about. Once enough of these cities are built and have a considerable population (to the tone of entire cities), we can start demolishing the old cities in order to gather resources and restore the land to its natural state. We progress further from here...
RBEs are not like leftism because they don't have a state whether it's hierarchical (MLM) or horizontal (Annies). Instead, we would have resource management systems take care of the backbone of the economy, whilst people have free association between each other. There wouldn't really be any laws because we would solve the problems of "crime" and disputes in other ways, like creating an environment that promotes civil, peaceful, and cooperative behaviour. Human nature
As human beings, we have the capacity to be both cooperative and competitive, peaceful or violent, and this mostly depends on our environment. Our environment heavily determines our behaviour (not entirely, we have biological personalities and all that, but what I'm talking about primarily covers our reactions to certain situations), which is shown in various examples from both humans and the animal kingdom. I like to point to examples of chimps and bonobos as a case of how scarcity and abundance affects behaviour and how societies are structured, but a more human example would be comparing somewhere like the US or UK to countries like Denmark and Norway in terms of crime rates in relation to quality of life. Nordic countries are famous for their low crime and recidivism rates and this is, I think, partially attributed to their relatively high standard of living and secure wellbeing. And when you compare this to a country like the US, where alot of people can't even get healthcare and done of their wages don't even cover their basic needs without government assistance, you start to realise why the country has a higher per capita crime rate than Scandinavia.
I'd also encourage you to look up instances of feral children in order to really break down this idea of a set human mentality.
Long story short, humans like abundance, they like security of resources. And as the examples I've given explain (and I shouldn't need to teach you how to use Google), these things make people less violent, and more likely to cooperate with eachother. Yes we have various biological traits that shape our personality and mental state in some cases, but repeat after me.
Environment. Shapes. Behaviour.
Natural Law Resource Based Economies look towards the future to come, and are readily equipped, unlike capitalism, to tackle the problems of automation, the environment, climate change, and so forth. They are a valid idea that has literature behind it, like "The new Human Rights Movement" by Peter Joseph, and "The best money can't buy" by Jacque Fresco. I also believe works by Murray bookchin, although not advocating RBEs, significantly contribute to the idea.
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